HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY by SHELLEY E. TAYLOR – 10th edition pdf
is an exciting and relatively new field devoted to understanding psychological influences on how people stay healthy, why they become ill. and how they respond when they do get ill. Health psychologists both study such issues and develop interventions to help people stay well or recover from illness. For example, a health psychology researcher might explore why people continue to smoke even though they know that smoking increases their risk of cancer and heart disease. Understanding this poor health habit leads to interventions to help people stop smoking.
Fundamental to research and practice in health psychology is the definition of health. Decades ago. a forward-looking World Health Organization (1948) defined health as “a complete state of physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” This definition is at the core of health psychologists’ conception of health. Rather than defining health as the absence of illness, health is recognized to be an achievement involving balance among physical, mental, and social well-being. Many use the term wellness to refer to this optimum state of health.
Health psychologists focus on health promotion and maintenance, which includes issues such as how to get children to develop good health habits, how to promote regular exercise, and how to design a media campaign to get people to improve their diets.
Health psychologists study the psychological aspects of the prevention and treatment of illness. A health psychologist might teach people in a high-stress occupation how to manage stress effectively to avoid health risks. A health psychologist might work with people who are already ill to help them follow their treatment regimen.
Health psychologists also focus on the etiology and correlates of health, illness, and dysfunction. Etiology refers to the origins or causes of illness. Health psychologists especially address the behavioral and social factors that contribute to health, illness, and dysfunction, such as alcohol consumption, smoking, exercise, the wearing of seat belts, and ways of coping with stress.
Finally, health psychologists analyze and attempt to improve the health care sy stem and the formulation of health policy. They study the impact of health institutions and health professionals on people’s behavior to develop recommendations for improving health care.
In summary, health psychology examines the psychological and social factors that lead to the enhancement of health, the prevention and treatment of illness, and the evaluation and modification of health policies that influence health care.
PART 1: INTRODUCTION TO HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY
CHAPTER 1: What Is Health Psychology?
CHAPTER 2: The Systems of the Body
PART 2: HEALTH BEHAVIOR AND PRIMARY PREVENTION
CHAPTER 3: Health Behaviors
CHAPTER 4: Health-Promoting Behaviors
CHAPTER 5: Health-Compromising Behaviors
PART 3 : STRESS AND COPING
CHAPTER 6: Stress
CHAPTER 7: Coping, Resilience, and Social Support
PART 4: SEEKING AND USING HEALTH CARE SERVICES
CHAPTER 8: Using Health Services
CHAPTER 9: Patients, Providers, and Treatments
CHAPTER 10: The Management of Pain and Discomfort
PART 5: MANAGEMENT OF CHRONIC AND TERMINAL HEALTH DISORDERS
CHAPTER 11: Management of Chronic Health Disorders
CHAPTER 12: Psychological Issues in Advancing and Terminal Illness
CHAPTER 13: Heart Disease, Hypertension, Stroke, and Type II Diabetes
CHAPTER 14: Psychoneuroimmunology and Immune-Related Disorders
PART 6: TOWARD THE FUTURE
CHAPTER 15: Health Psychology: Challenges for the Future
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eBook HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY by SHELLEY E. TAYLOR – 10th edition