THE COMPLETE IDIOT’S GUIDE TO Child & Adolescent Psychology

THE COMPLETE IDIOT’S GUIDE TO Child & Adolescent Psychology by Jack C. Westman, M.D., M.S., with Victoria Costello pdfFrom the first time a toddler recognizes her face in a mirror, a question will recurrently arise in her mind: “Who am I?” The answer she comes up with is influenced by traits she inherited and experiences that shape her as she grows. Equally important is the age at which she asks the question. Each stage of a child’s growth enables different types of thoughts, emotions, behaviors, and levels of understanding. In this book, you’ll find the basic roadmap every child follows to maturity, a journey that is the subject of child and adolescent psychology….

Contents

Part I: DISCOVERING CHILDHOOD

1. Pioneers and New Perspectives

  • The Birth of a New Science
  • The First Child Psychologists
  • The Psychodynamics of Childhood
  • The Learning Theorists
  • How Thinking Changes
  • Building On the Big Four Theorists

2. Researching Child Behavior

  • The Scientific Method
  • If A, Then B?
  • The Body Speaks
  • Correlating and Computing
  • Measuring Cause and Effect
  • Designs and Timelines
  • Cross-Cultural Design
  • Ethics of Research on Children
  • Making Interpretations

Part II: FOUNDATIONS OF PERSONALITY

3. Nature and Nurture

  • The Biology of Heredity
  • How You Become “You”
  • What Genes Do
  • Is Heredity Destiny?
  • Children’s Genetic Disorders
  • Behavioral Genetics
  •  Nature and Nurture at Work
  • Neuroscience and Child Psychology
  • How Plastic Is a Child’s Brain?

4.  Attachment Theory

  • Theory and Practice
  • The Rhesus Monkey Experiments
  • Making a Secure Attachment
  • Chemistry of Maternal Attachment
  • Attachment Styles
  • The Strange Situation Experiment
  • Obstacles to Attachment
  • Is Early Attachment Destiny?
  • Attachment and Working Mothers

Part III: A CHILD IS PART OF A FAMILY

5. The Parent-Child Relationship

  • Attachment Parenting
  • Measuring Parental Competency
  • The “Good-Enough” Parent
  • Family as a Social System
  • The Irreducible Needs of Children
  • Sibling Relationships
  • Children of Divorce
  • Children in Nontraditional Families

6. Authority and Discipline

  • The Study That Changed Everything
  • A Longer-Term View
  • The Authoritative Parent
  • Appropriate Discipline
  • How Children Affect Parents’ Behaviors
  •  Where Self-Discipline Comes From
  • What Works, What Doesn’t

Part IV: THE BIG PICTURE

7. A Child’s Emotional Development

  • Love as Brain Food
  • Emotional Competence: How It Develops
  • Self-Esteem
  • Conditional vs. Unconditional Love
  • Emotional Resiliency: Can It Be Taught?
  • The Science of Happiness

8. A Child’s Moral Development

  • The Evidence of Morality in Babies
  • Theories of Moral Development
  • To Lend a Helping Hand
  • The Role of Emotions
  • Moral Thoughts = Moral Behaviors?
  • Aggression in Children
  • Why Are Sotne Kids Mean?
  • Kindness on the College Campus

9. A Child’s Cognitive Development

  • Major Cognitive Stages
  • What Children Think About Thinking
  • Social-Cultural Perspective
  • Child’s Mind as a Computer
  • Paying Attention
  • What We Know About Memory
  • The Language We Sneak
  • Bilingualism

Part V: AGES AND STAGES

10. Prenatal Influences on the Developing Brain

  • Nine Months—Turning Points
  • Environmental Risks
  • Mother’s Health, Baby’s Risks
  • Maternal Hormones, Emotions, and Stress
  • Alcohol and Nicotine Exposure
  • Other Known Teratogens
  • Unlikely, Low, or Unknown Fetal Risks
  • The Drama and Trauma of Childbirth

11. Birth to 18 Months—Making Sense of Their World

  • Baby’s First Appearance
  • Assessing the Newborn
  • Asleep, Awake, and In Between
  • What Is Temperament?
  • Sensory Learning Begins
  • A Super Sense of Smell
  • How Sweet the Taste
  • Touch Me, Touch You
  • Baby Talk and Other Sounds
  • What a Baby Sees
  • Emotional Learning Begins
  • Emotions and Learning

12. 18 Months to 3 Years— Language and Identity

  • I Want to Be Me
  • The Center of the Universe
  • A Bundle of Contradictions
  • I Am Girl, I Am Boy
  • A Critical Period for Language
  • Language and the Toddler Brain
  • The Pragmatics of Language
  • Speech and Sociability
  • Language Milestones

13. 3 to 6 Years—A Social Being

  • Developing a Self-Identity
  • What Can I Do?
  • Cognitive Milestones
  • A Peek at the Preschool Brain
  • The Work of Play
  • Fun and Purpose in Pretending
  • Preschool Friendships
  • Gender Identities Take Hold
  • Lagging Timetables

14. 6 to 12 Years—The Dawn of Reason

  • Hail the Concrete!
  • I Am What I Learn
  • The School-Age Brain
  • Defining Intelligence
  • What Is IQ?
  • Assessing IQ
  • The Gifted Child

15.  12 to 18 Years—An Independent Identity

  • Ask It Again: Who Am I?
  • Inside the Teen Brain
  • What Was He Thinking?
  • Hormonal Onslaught
  • Girls First
  • Becoming a Man
  • Sexual Orientation
  • Roadblocks in Adolescence
  • The Addicted Teenager
  • Choosing a Career

Part VI. ISSUES IN CHILD PSYCHOLOGY

16. Children’s Mental Disorders

  • Classifying Mental Illness
  • The Depressed Child
  • Treating the Depressed Child
  • Common Childhood Anxiety Disorders
  • Phobias
  • Panic Disorder
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
  • A Tour of the Brain with OCD
  • Treatment of Anxiety Disorders
  • Major Psychiatric Disorders in Children
  • Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD)
  • Suicide and Teens
  • Conduct Disorders
  • Children’s Mental Disorders—Multiple Causes
  • Researching the Causes of Childhood Mental Disorders
  • Environmental Triggers

17. Children’s Learning Disorders

  • Language and Speech Disorders
  • Causes of Speech and Language Difficulties
  • Learning Disorders
  • Causes of Learning Disorders
  • Reading Disorders
  • Writing Disorder
  • Mathematics Disorder
  • Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

18.  The Abused or Neglected Child

  • Facts and Fictions of Child Abuse
  • Warning Signs of Child Abuse
  • Effects on the Developing Brain
  • Cognitive Impairments
  • Social-Emotional Impairments
  • When Children Witness Domestic Violence
  • A Psychosocial Profile of Abusers
  • The Science of Recovery
  • Long-Term Recovery and Prevention

19. The Digital Child

  • Plugged-In Kids
  • The Violence Question
  • A Child’s Online World
  • The Unplugged Child

Part VII: THERAPEUTIC APPROACHES IN CHILD PSYCHOLOGY

20. Psychotherapy with Children and Adolescents

  • When the Patient Is a Child
  • A Freudian Legacy
  • Changing Behavior
  • Current Approaches and Methods
  • Does Psychotherapy Work?

21. Family Therapy

  • Stages of Family Life
  • Interacting Stages
  • Ancient Art, New Science
  • The Family System
  • It’s All Stress
  • Family Therapy Theory and Practice
  • Family Therapy with an Eye on the Past
  • Family Therapy with an Eye on the Present
  • Family Therapy with an Eye on Changing Behavior
  • More Grist for the Mil

22.  Psychology of the Whole Child

  • A Child Is Part of a Community
  • A Missing Alodel of Character
  • Juvenile Ageism
  • A Holistic Philosophy of Children’s Needs
  • Implications for Children and Families

Appendixes
A Glossary
В Resources
Index

Language: English
Format: PDF
Pages: 402
Size:  Mb
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