Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment

Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment / Michael A Bishop J. D. Trout

[W]e have become increasingly aware of the difficulty of defining what is “normative” when one moves beyond the relatively simple question of how to solve correctly some particular problem. “Normatively appropriate” strategies for the solution of some problems are extremely time consuming and expensive.


It may be clear what must be done if one wishes a correct answer to such problems, but sometimes it may be even clearer that the correct solution is not worth the effort. This gives rise to more important questions of normativeness which are not fundamentally empirical in nature: How much effort, for what kinds of problems, should be expended to obtain a correct solution?


We have become excited by such normative questions and are pleased that our book highlights them. We have not been able to make much progress toward their solution, however…. It is our hope that others, particularly philosophers who are more comfortable with such questions, will be motivated to pursue them. (Nisbett and Ross 1980, 13-14)


Introduction 3
1. Laying Our Cards on the Table
2. The Amazing Success of Statistical Prediction Rules
3. Extracting Epistemic Lessons from Ameliorative Psychology
4. Strategic Reliabilism: Robust Reliability
5. Strategic Reliabilism: The Costs and Benefits of Excellent Judgment
6. Strategic Reliabilism: Epistemic Significance
7. The Troubles with Standard Analytic Epistemology
8. Putting Epistemology into Practice: Normative Disputes in Psychology
9. Putting Epistemology into Practice: Positive Advice
10. Conclusion

Language: English
Format: PDF
Pages: 218
Size: 1 mb

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