Theories of Personality:Uderstanding Persons (pdf) by Susan C. Cloninger – Fourth Edition
Personality theory and research are exciting, as an academic place to map the bridges between our biological nature (with its potential and its limitations) and the culture that, for better or for worse, we have created.
On both fronts, personality theory is advancing. Current biological knowledge adds details to the vision of early personality theorists, who recognized the importance if not the mechanisms of the nature side of the nature-nurture issue.
Cultural awareness, though still rather limited in our theories, points to the higher-order reorganization of our innate potential that can take us to the divine or the demonic, and to an interface of personality with social psychology and related fields in the social sciences.
This edition brings some noteworthy changes. Biological trait approaches have, after expansion in previous editions, been promoted to their own chapter, reflecting their growing importance in personality theory and research. The importance of biology to personality has been a familiar theme throughout the history of the field, but only now, with studies of heredity and of physiological correlates of personality, do we have a way to detail the way heredity’ influences personality.
In addition, evolutionary’ and other biological approaches have become sophisticated enough to permit consideration of individual developmental experience (such as the effects of reward and punishment), making biological approaches more applicable to themes traditionally important in the field of personality.
Object relations theory, mentioned in earlier editions, is now given its own major section. It is placed in the Karen Homey chapter, since I consider her often neglected statements about the role of interpersonal relationships to be the clearest conceptual connection with the object relations approach, though perusal of the references cited by most papers in that area would not lead to this placement.
The approach may be growing to demand its own chapter in the future (but what to displace? Ah, that’s the authors nightmare.) Positive psychology has emerged as a current focus for the debates that humanistic psychologists have long considered, and so it is added to the humanistic perspective.
The theories that will be complex enough to incorporate multiple levels of explanation will not have the simple, literary quality of early theories, and they move scientific psychology-farther from “pop psychology,” but they are likely- to contribute much more to our understanding….
Theories of Personality/ Uderstanding Persons
- Chapter 1 Introduction to Personality Theory
PART I: The Psychoanalytic Perspective
- Chapter 2 Freud: Classical Psychoanalysis
- Chapter 3 Jung: Analytical Psychology
PART II: The Psychoanalytic-Social Perspective
- Chapter 4 Adler: Individual Psychology
- Chapter 5 Erikson: Psychosocial Development
- Chapter 6 Horney and Relational Theory: Interpersonal Psychoanalytic Theory
PART III: The Trait Perspective
- Сhapter 7 Allport: Personological Trait Theory
- Chapter 8 Cattell and the Big Five: Factor Analytic Trait Theories
- Chapter 9 Evolution, Eysenck, Gray, and Others: Biological Theories
PART IV: The Learning Perspective
- Chapter 10 Skinner and Staats: The Challenge of Behaviorism
- Chapter 11 Dollard and Miller: Psychoanalytic Learning Theory
PART V: The Cognitive Social Learning Perspective
- Chapter 12 Mischel and Bandura: Cognitive Social Learning Theory
- Chapter 13 Kelly: Personal Construct Theory
PART VI: The Humanistic Perspective
- Chapter 14 Rogers: Person-Centered Theory
- Chapter 15 Maslow: Need Hierarchy Theory
- Chapter 16 Conclusion
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