Psychology : A Self-Teaching Guide by Frank J. Bruno, Ph.D. pdf
To help you learn psychology – on your own, Psychology : A Self-Teaching Guide
employs the following distinctive features:
• Each chapter begins with a five-question true-or-false preview quiz; answers can be found near the end of a given chapter.
• Immediately following the quiz there is a short list of chapter objectives.
• Following each section there are one or several questions pertaining to the material in the section. The questions are of the fill-in-the-blank variety. Answers are provided immediately following the questions.
• A ten-question multiple-choice self-test appears toward the end of each chapter. Answers to the self-test immediately follow.
• A list of key terms appears at the end of each chapter.
I hope that you will use the book by being an active, not a passive, learner. You can accomplish this by following a step-by-step process for each chapter:
1. Take the five-question true-or-faLse quiz. Even if you don’t know an answer, make a guess. This will get you involved in the material. Turn to the answer key at the end of the chapter. Score the test. You should, of course, be pleased if you get four or five questions correct. On the other hand, don’t be concerned if you only get two or three correct. Obviously, you haven’t studied the material yet. The purpose of the quiz is to break the ice, verify what you already know, and give you a preview of what is to come in the chapter.
2. Review the chapter objectives. Their aim is to give you some idea of what you need to pay attention to in the chapter. The objectives help to give your study focus and direct you to what is of particular importance in the chapter.
3. Read each section and pay particular attention to the emphasized terms and their meanings.
4. Respond to the fill-in-the-blank sentences at the end of each section before moving on to the next one. Attempt the answers through the use of mental recall. It is a good idea to actually write down, not just think about, your answers. If necessary; cover the answers at the bottom of the questions. Then check your responses against the answers provided. Look back at the relevant section if there is anything you don’t understand.
5. Take the ten-question multiple-choice test at the end of the chapter. If you’re not sure of an answer, take a guess. Your guess is likely to be an educated, not a random, guess. After all, you have been studying the material. On most college multiple-choice tests there is no penalty for guessing. Only correct answers are scored, and nothing is taken away for missing a question.
6. Score the test using the answers that immediately follow it. On an absolute scale, a score of 10 or 9 correct equals an A. A score of 8 correct equals a B. A score of 7 correct equals a C. A score of 6 correct equals a D. A score of 5 correct equals an F. Refer back to the material associated with questions you missed, and evaluate why you made an error.
7. Review the key terms at the end of the chapter. The terms are listed in alphabetical order. Look up any terms you don’t recognize or that have little meaning for you.
I believe that you will find psychology to be an interesting subject. Also, you will discover that it has relevance in terms of everyday life. I have made every effort to write a book that will make it possible for you to readily grasp psychology’s key concepts. I hope you find the process of learning more about behavior a meaningful and valuable experience.
1 Introduction: The Foundations of Psychology
2 Research Methods in Psychology: Gathering Data
3 The Biology of Behavior: Is the Brain the Organ of Mental Life?
4 Sensation: Studying the Gateways of Experience
5 Perception: Why Do Things Look the Way They Do?
6 Learning: Understanding Acquired Behavior
7 Motivation: Why Do We Do What We Do?
8 Emotions: Riding Life’s Roller Coaster
9 Thinking: Exploring Mental Life
10 Intelligence: In Pursuit of Rational Thought and Effective Action
11 Developmental Psychology: How Children Become Adults
12 Sex and Love: Are You in the Mood?
13 Personality: Psychological Factors That Make You an Individual
14 Abnormal Psychology’: Exploring Mental Disorders
15 Therapy: Helping Troubled People
16 Social Psychology: Interacting with Other People
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