The Art of Listening by Erich Fromm

The Art of Listening by Erich Fromm pdf

How is to know the world, how is one to live and react properly if the very instrument which is to act, which is to decide, is not known to ourselves?

To know oneself is a very old, human need, from the Greeks to the Middle Ages, to modern times you find the idea that knowing oneself is the basis of knowledge of the world or—as Meister Eckhart expressed it—in a very drastic form: “The only way of knowing God is to know oneself.”

This is one of the oldest human aspirations. And it is indeed an aspiration or an aim which has its roots in very objective factors. To know oneself is a condition not only’ from a spiritual or—if you like—religious, or moral or a human standpoint, it is a demand from the biological standpoint.

Because the optimum of efficiency in living depends on the degree to which we know ourselves as that instrument which has to orient itself in the world and make decisions.

The better known we are to ourselves obviously the more proper are the decisions we make. The less we know ourselves the more confused must be the decisions we make.


I. Factors Leading to Patient’s Change in Analytic Treatment

1. Curing Factors According to Sigmund Freud and My Critique
2. Benign and Malignant Neuroses—with a Case History of Benign Neurosis
3. Constitutional and Other Factors for Cure

II. Therapeutic Aspects of Psychoanalysis

4. What is Psychoanalysis?

  • The Aim of Psychoanalysis
  • Sigmund Freud’s Therapeutic Aim and My Critique on It
  • Freud’s Concept of the Child and My Critique on It
  • The Relevance of Childhood Experiences for the Therapeutic Practice
  • Therapeutic Practice and the Relevance of Psychoanalysis
  • Harry Stuck Sullivan’s Contribution to the Psychoanalytic Concept of Man
  • Diseases of Our Time as Challenge to Psychoanalysis

5. Preconditions for Therapeutic Cure

  • The Ability for Psychic Growth
  • The Individual’s Responsibility for Psychic Growth
  • The Ability to Experience Reality by Oneself
  • The Molding Impact of Society and Culture
  • The Dynamics of Psychic Development and Man’s Freedom

6. Factors Leading to Therapeutic Effect
7. About the Therapeutic Relationship

  • The Relation between Analyst and Analysand
  • Preconditions of the Psychoanalyst
  • Dealing with The Patient

8. Functions and Methods of the Psychoanalytic Process

  • Mobilizing Unconscious Energies and Showing Alternatives
  • Sublimation, Satisfaction or Renunciation of Sexual Strivings
  • About the Recognition of Resistance
  • Transference, Counter-Transference and the Real Relation
  • Remarks on Working with Dreams

9. Christiane: A Case Flistory with Remarks on Therapeutic Method and on Understanding Dreams

  • The First Three Sessions and the First Dream
  • The Second Month of Therapy and the Second Dream
  • The Following Months and the Third Dream
  • The Forth Dream and Some General Consideration about This Therapy

10. Specified Methods to Cure Modern Character Neuroses

  • Changing One’s Own Action
  • Developing Interest in the World
  • Learning to Think Critically
  • To Know Oneself and to Get Aware of One’s Unconscious
  • Becoming Aware of One’s Body
  • To Concentrate and Meditate
  • To Discover One’s Own Narcissism
  • Analyzing Oneself

11. Psychoanalytic “Technique”—or, the Art of Listening

Language: English
Format: epub
Pages: 211
Size: 1.17 Mb

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